HAND LAUNDRY ALLIANCE
HAND LAUNDRY ALLIANCE (CHLA) was formed in 1933 to aid the Chinese
community in overcoming their difficulties in their new country.
As an organization it was successful in winning cases to protect
the rights of Chinese immigrants. For twenty five cents a member
or non-member was able to engage the help of the CHLA.
DAILY NEWS was started by members of CHLA in 1940. It was a
pro-Chinese Communist newspaper during the McCarthy years and
as a result, suffered much harassment. In 1952, the CDN was
tried for violating the Trading with the Enemy Act. The Editor,
Eugene Moy, the officers of the newspaper (three laundry workers)
were sent to jail for accepting an ad from a People's Republic
of China (PRC) bank urging Chinese Americans to send money home
to their relatives in China through the bank.
CHING (Chinese American Democratic Youth League) was a group
in San Francisco that consisted mostly of young Chinese immigrants
who were harassed by the FBI for having a "pro-PRC" bent. Former
members describe the activities of the group as a place where
they could learn English, study or do homework together, as
well as to work for the normalization of relations between the
U.S. and China.
YORK CHINATOWN: primarily a "bachelor" community in the 1940s
and 1950s. Over half of the Chinese population worked in the
laundry industry. Due to the Immigration Act of 1965, the numbers
of Chinese greatly increased by recent immigration from Hong
Kong, Taiwan and now the People's Republic of China. New York
is a predominantly first generation immigrant community; however,
Chinese do not live directly in the Chinatown areas, but live
in the metropolitan area.
FRANCISCO CHINATOWN is the oldest and largest population of
Chinese in the United States. The community is comprised of
several generations of Chinese Americans embracing a wide spectrum
of political and social organizations. Chinese Americans are
highly visible and represent an important electoral constituency